We know the causes of trauma, we know how to recognize its effects, and in many cases we know how to protect or restore our youth from trauma’s most harmful, long-lasting effects.
Philadelphia Urban ACE Study
Finished in 2013, this study from across South Eastern Pennsylvania was built on the foundation of the original Kaiser Permanente sample. Since ACEs are more prevalent in Philadelphia, it identified new elements that would result from living in an urban environment.
The Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) Study is one of the largest studies ever conducted to assess associations between childhood maltreatment and later-life health and well-being. The study is a collaboration between the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and Kaiser Permanente’s Health Appraisal Clinic in San Diego.